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 Passage through Baltimore etching, 210px tall

Passage through Baltimore
Adalbert J. Volck, Baltimore, 1863

Abraham Lincoln disguised with a
cap and shawl trying to slip through
Baltimore to avoid a rumored
assassination attempt.

More on Adalbert J. Volck

Witness to History:

The Civil War in Maryland 

The idea of choosing sides in the Civil War was difficult for many families in the United States, but few places felt the divide as much as Maryland. Located geographically in the middle of the country, Maryland was southern by tradition, but northern in its economic and cultural ways. Because of the divide in its citizens' loyalty, Maryland experienced political unrest and bloodshed.

The following bibliography is a selection of some of the available primary sources on Maryland and the Civil War located at the Enoch Pratt Free Library / SLRC.

Books

Baltimore City Government. Memorial of the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, with Accompanying Documents. Baltimore: William M. Innes, 1861. MD F187.8.B32

Mayor George W. Brown writes an appeal to the United States Congress and the Baltimore City Council about the political unrest in Baltimore. He writes to both governing bodies trying to insure them that the city government is not hostile towards the United States.

Callum, Agnes Kane. Colored Volunteers of the Maryland Civil War: 7th Regiment United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1990. MD F175.74.C36 1990

Callum, Agnes Kane. 9th Regiment United States Colored Troops: Volunteers of Maryland, Civil War, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1999. MD F175.74.C358 1999

Gilmor, Harry. Four Years in the Saddle. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1866. MD E605.G48

This is an account of Harry Gilmore, a Maryland cavalryman in the Confederate army. He wrote the first part of the book recounting his first year in military service while in prison at Fort McHenry from September 1862 to February 1863. When captured again and placed in prison at Fort Warren, Gilmor recapped the remaining years of his military service.

Hartzler, Daniel D. Marylanders in the Confederacy. Silver Spring, MD: Family Line Publications, 1986. MD F175.74.H29 1986

Confederate soldier registers for the Civil War.

Huntsberry, Thomas Vincent. Maryland in the Civil War. 2 vols. Baltimore: J. Mart Publishers, 1985. MD F175.74.H8 1985

Book I covers the South and Book II covers the North. Both books provide a roster of soldiers, biographical information about leading players in the military, histories of the regiments, photographs, and maps.

Stotelmyer, Steven R. The Bivouacs of the Dead. Baltimore: Toomey Press, 1992. MD E474.65.S78 1992

History of those who died at Antietam and South Mountain Battles. Also includes registers of Civil War dead for Antietam, Washington, Mt. Olivet, and Elmwood cemeteries.

Watring, Anna Miller. Civil War Burials in Baltimore's Loudon Park Cemetery. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub., 1996. MD F186.2.W38 1996

Wilmer, L. Allison, J. H. Jarrett, and George W. F. Vernon. History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5. 2 vols. Baltimore: Press of Guggenheimer, Weil & Co., 1898. MD F175.74.M3

This set was produced under the auspices of the State of Maryland. Volume one contains a brief history and alphabetical listing of every regiment and battery Maryland formed during the War. Volume two lists all of the Marylanders who served in the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Volume two also details the histories and rosters of the United States Colored Troops from Maryland.

Newspapers

To pick exact articles about the Civil War in Maryland would be too numerous to print. Instead, listed below are the names of some of the leading newspapers in counties throughout the State, which are housed in the Maryland Department. If researching a particular battle or incident, look in one of the papers under the date.

Place of Publication County Title Dates Notes

Annapolis

Anne Arundel

Annapolis Gazette

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Baltimore City

Baltimore City

Baltimore American & Commercial Advertiser

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Baltimore City

Baltimore City

Baltimore Weekly American

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Baltimore City

Baltimore City

South

4/22/1861-2/17/1862

Incomplete holdings

Baltimore City

Baltimore City

Sun

1861-1865

 

Denton

Caroline

American Union

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Elkton

Cecil

Cecil Whig

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Port Tobacco

Charles

Port Tobacco Times & Charles County Advertiser

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Cambridge

Dorchester

Cambridge Chronicle

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Middletown

Frederick

Valley Register

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Bel Air

Harford

Harford Democrat

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Bel Air

Harford

Southern Aegis & Harford Co. Intelligencer

1/19/1861-3/11/1864

Incomplete holdings

Rockville

Montgomery

Montgomery County Sentinel

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Marlboro

Prince George’s

Marlboro Gazette

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Easton

Talbot

Easton Gazette

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Hagerstown

Washington

Hagerstown Mail

1861-1865

Incomplete holdings

Annual Reports

The railroads played an extremely important role in the Civil War for both sides-nothing could transport troops and supplies as fast. As the War progressed, troops were dispensed frequently to both destroy and protect sections of the tracks that were important to their needs. The Maryland Department houses several annual reports of the railroads that transversed the state of Maryland during the Civil War.

Name Years Notes Location

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company

1861-1865

 

MD HE2791.B2

House of Refuge

1861, 1863-1865

See also Maryland Training School

MD HV9105.M3L6

Northern Central Railway Company

1861-1865

 

MD HE2791.N82

Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road Company

1861-1865

 

MD HE2791.P55

Union Relief Association of Baltimore

1862-1863

 

AR12

Western Maryland Railroad Company

1863-1865

 

MD HE2791.W52

Scrapbooks

Maryland Department, Enoch Pratt Free Library. Civil War Clippings from Harper's Weekly, Leslie's Illustrated Newspapers, etc. 1861-1865. 3 vols. Special Collections F175.7.C5Q

Three scrapbooks put together by Maryland Department Librarians from 1940-1942. Volume one chronicles the Civil War and Maryland for the year 1861, volume 2 contains happenings in Maryland during 1862, and volume three follows the War and its effects, both privately and politically, in Maryland from 1863-1865. The books largely consist of the original newspaper articles, though there are some typewritten copies of articles.

Prints

Volck, Adalbert John [V. Blada]. [Sketches from the Civil War in North America, 1861, '62, '63]. 1863. 23 plates. Special Collections E647.V6Q

Adalbert Volck, drawing under the name V. Blada, was a Confederate sympathizer. A dentist by trade, Volck used his artistic abilities to "speak out" for Southern sympathizers. Completed in three series using black ink, these original Volck depictions of Lincoln and the North were particularly harsh. Although some of the sketches were imprinted with London as place of publishing, there is speculation among historians that this was a guise to lead authorities away from learning the true identity of the artist.

Broadsides

 Broadside

"Down Trodden Maryland"
broadside was printed in
March 1862. Its message
urges Maryland citizens
to keep their hope that
Maryland will be free
once the South is free.

A broadside is a single sheet with printing on only one side. Broadsides were used in Maryland in the mid-Nineteenth Century for political agitation, advertisements,  poems, ballads, etc. Below is a list of broadsides printed in Maryland during the Civil War, which are kept in the Special Collections Department. Both Northern and Southern sympathizers were well represented in these broadsides.

Unpublished Documents

Edelin, Philip F. Correspondence. Point Lookout, MD. February 9, [1863-65?]. Special Collections Manuscript Collection

Philip Edelin was a prisoner at Point Lookout during the Civil War. He served in the 1st Maryland Light Artillery for the Confederates. The letter is to an unidentified cousin and discusses some of the daily happenings at the prison as well as the emancipation of a fellow prisoner.

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