The Civil War in Maryland
“Like the United States as a whole, Maryland was a society divided against itself." —Barbara Jeanne Fields, Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland During the Nineteenth Century
Interested in learning more about Maryland and the Civil War? You can find the following primary sources at the Central Library/State Library Resource Center.
Baltimore City Government. Memorial of the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, with Accompanying Documents. Baltimore: William M. Innes, 1861. MD F187.8.B32
- Mayor George W. Brown writes an appeal to the United States Congress and the Baltimore City Council about the political unrest in Baltimore. He writes to both governing bodies trying to assure them that the city government is not hostile towards the United States.
Callum, Agnes Kane. Colored Volunteers of the Maryland Civil War: 7th Regiment United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1990. MD F175.74.C36 1990
Callum, Agnes Kane. 9th Regiment United States Colored Troops: Volunteers of Maryland, Civil War, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1999. MD F175.74.C358 1999
Gilmor, Harry. Four Years in the Saddle. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1866. MD E605.G48
- This is an account of Harry Gilmore, a Maryland cavalryman in the Confederate army. He wrote the first part of the book recounting his first year in military service while in prison at Fort McHenry from September 1862 to February 1863. When captured again and placed in prison at Fort Warren, Gilmor recapped the remaining years of his military service.
Hartzler, Daniel D. Marylanders in the Confederacy. Silver Spring, MD: Family Line Publications, 1986. MD F175.74.H29 1986
Confederate soldier registers for the Civil War.
Huntsberry, Thomas Vincent. Maryland in the Civil War. 2 vols. Baltimore: J. Mart Publishers, 1985. MD F175.74.H8 1985
- Book I covers the South and Book II covers the North. Both books provide a roster of soldiers, biographical information about leading players in the military, histories of the regiments, photographs, and maps.
Stotelmyer, Steven R. The Bivouacs of the Dead. Baltimore: Toomey Press, 1992. MD E474.65.S78 1992
- History of those who died at Antietam and South Mountain Battles. Also includes registers of Civil War dead for Antietam, Washington, Mt. Olivet, and Elmwood cemeteries.
Watring, Anna Miller. Civil War Burials in Baltimore's Loudon Park Cemetery. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub., 1996. MD F186.2.W38 1996
Wilmer, L. Allison, J. H. Jarrett, and George W. F. Vernon. History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5. 2 vols. Baltimore: Press of Guggenheimer, Weil & Co., 1898. MD F175.74.M3
- This set was produced under the auspices of the State of Maryland. Volume One contains a brief history and alphabetical listing of every regiment and battery Maryland formed during the War. Volume Two lists all of the Marylanders who served in the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Volume Two also details the histories and rosters of the United States Colored Troops from Maryland.
Listed below are the names of some of the leading newspapers in counties throughout the State, which are housed in the Periodicals Department on microfilm. If researching a particular battle or incident, look in one of the papers under the date.
Place of Publication
Baltimore American & Commercial Advertiser
Baltimore Weekly American
Port Tobacco Times & Charles County Advertiser
Southern Aegis & Harford Co. Intelligencer
Montgomery County Sentinel
The railroads played an extremely important role in the Civil War for both sides—nothing could transport troops and supplies as fast. As the War progressed, troops were dispensed frequently to both destroy and protect sections of the tracks that were important to their needs. The Maryland Department houses several annual reports of the railroads that traversed the state of Maryland during the Civil War.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
Northern Central Railway Company
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road Company
Western Maryland Railroad Company
Maryland Department, Enoch Pratt Free Library. Civil War Clippings from Harper's Weekly, Leslie's Illustrated Newspapers, etc. 1861-1865. 3 vols. Special Collections F175.7.C5Q
Three scrapbooks were created by Maryland Department librarians from 1940-1942. Volume One chronicles the Civil War and Maryland for the year 1861, Volume Two contains happenings in Maryland during 1862, and Volume Three follows the War and its effects, both privately and politically, in Maryland from 1863-1865. The books largely consist of the original newspaper articles, though there are some typewritten copies of articles.
Volck, Adalbert John [V. Blada]. Sketches from the Civil War in North America, 1861, '62, '63. 1863. 23 plates. Special Collections E647.V6Q
Adalbert Volck, drawing under the name V. Blada, was a Confederate sympathizer. A dentist by trade, Volck used his artistic abilities to "speak out" for Southern sympathizers. Completed in three series using black ink, Volck's depictions of Lincoln and the North were particularly harsh. Although some of the sketches were imprinted with London as place of publishing, historians speculate that this was a guise to lead authorities away from learning the true identity of the artist.
A broadside is a single sheet with printing on only one side. Broadsides were used in Maryland in the mid-nineteenth century for political agitation, advertisements, poems, ballads, etc. Below is a list of broadsides printed in Maryland during the Civil War, which are kept in Pratt Library's Special Collections Department. Both Northern and Southern sympathizers were well represented in these broadsides.
An Appeal to the South
January 24, 1862
Baltimore Boys' Own
Camp Song of the Maryland Line
R. M. Chambers
Down Trodden Maryland
March 4, 1862
Hurrah for Jeff. Davis
Maryland in Chains
May 14, 1861
Our Union Flag
Thomas G. Doyle
Rebels are Skedadling Out of My Maryland
True Union Ladies of Maryland
We'll Be Free in Our Maryland
January 30, 1862
Southern Prisoner Gives Thanks to the Baltimore Ladies
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