The continuing struggle over slavery and states’ rights resulted in four years of unrelenting warfare between the North and South. When the Civil War came to an end with the surrender of the Confederate Army in 1865, more than 600,000 men had lost their lives. After four years of secession, the reconstituted United States emerged stronger than before and slavery officially ended with the ratification of the 13th Amendment in December 1865. Here are some websites to help you explore the American Civil War:
Africans in America: Conditions of Antebellum Slavery, 1830 - 1860
The American Civil War Homepage
Guns on Federal Hill, Baltimore MD. Courtesy of Enoch Pratt Free Library.
Best of History Web Sites: the Civil War
If you are a teacher and you need lesson plans or ideas for Civil War related activities for your students, you’ll find a great deal of useful information here.
Civil War Animated
Here’s a web resource that uses animations to demonstrate strategy and tactics for individual battles. You’ll find the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg here, among others.
The Civil War: a Film by Ken Burns
Ken Burns’ documentary offers a comprehensive, personal look at the conflict featuring first-person accounts and period photographs. This web resource, created by PBS, offers biographies, historical documents, and maps.
Lincoln and his Generals, Courtesy of the National Park Ser
Civil War Battlefield Medicine
Civil War Women
A House Divided: America in the Age of Lincoln
How the Civil War Soldiers Lived
Maryland in the Civil War
The Selected Civil War Photographs Collection
Teaching the Civil War with Technology: Curriculum
The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War
Nearly seven hours of extraordinary recordings of interviews done between 1932 and 1975 with former slaves can be heard through the Library of Congress. Twenty-three people told their stories not just of slavery but of the lives of African Americans born between 1823 and the early 1860s.
Lone Grave, Courtesy of the National Park Service
Social Science and History Department
Enoch Pratt Free Library
Maryland’s State Library Resource Center
400 Cathedral Street
Baltimore, MD 21201