Choosing sides during the Civil War was difficult for many families in the United States, but few places felt the divide as much as Maryland. Located geographically in the middle of the country, Maryland was southern by tradition, but northern in its economic and cultural ways. Because of the divide in its citizens' loyalty, Maryland experienced political unrest and bloodshed.
Following is a selection of primary sources on Maryland and the Civil War available at the Central Library/State Library Resource Center:
Baltimore City Government. Memorial of the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, with Accompanying Documents. Baltimore: William M. Innes, 1861. MD F187.8.B32
Mayor George W. Brown writes an appeal to the United States Congress and the Baltimore City Council about the political unrest in Baltimore. He writes to both governing bodies trying to assure them that the city government is not hostile towards the United States.
Callum, Agnes Kane. Colored Volunteers of the Maryland Civil War: 7th Regiment United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1990. MD F175.74.C36 1990
Callum, Agnes Kane. 9th Regiment United States Colored Troops: Volunteers of Maryland, Civil War, 1863-1866. Baltimore: Mullac Publishers, 1999. MD F175.74.C358 1999
Gilmor, Harry. Four Years in the Saddle. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1866. MD E605.G48
This is an account of Harry Gilmore, a Maryland cavalryman in the Confederate army. He wrote the first part of the book recounting his first year in military service while in prison at Fort McHenry from September 1862 to February 1863. When captured again and placed in prison at Fort Warren, Gilmor recapped the remaining years of his military service.
Hartzler, Daniel D. Marylanders in the Confederacy. Silver Spring, MD: Family Line Publications, 1986. MD F175.74.H29 1986
Confederate soldier registers for the Civil War.
Huntsberry, Thomas Vincent. Maryland in the Civil War. 2 vols. Baltimore: J. Mart Publishers, 1985. MD F175.74.H8 1985
Book I covers the South and Book II covers the North. Both books provide a roster of soldiers, biographical information about leading players in the military, histories of the regiments, photographs, and maps.
Stotelmyer, Steven R. The Bivouacs of the Dead. Baltimore: Toomey Press, 1992. MD E474.65.S78 1992
History of those who died at Antietam and South Mountain Battles. Also includes registers of Civil War dead for Antietam, Washington, Mt. Olivet, and Elmwood cemeteries.
Watring, Anna Miller. Civil War Burials in Baltimore's Loudon Park Cemetery. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub., 1996. MD F186.2.W38 1996
Wilmer, L. Allison, J. H. Jarrett, and George W. F. Vernon. History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5. 2 vols. Baltimore: Press of Guggenheimer, Weil & Co., 1898. MD F175.74.M3
This set was produced under the auspices of the State of Maryland. Volume One contains a brief history and alphabetical listing of every regiment and battery Maryland formed during the War. Volume Two lists all of the Marylanders who served in the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Volume Two also details the histories and rosters of the United States Colored Troops from Maryland.
A list of particular articles about the Civil War in Maryland would be too long to print. Instead, listed below are the names of some of the leading newspapers in counties throughout the State, which are housed in the Periodicals Department on microfilm. If researching a particular battle or incident, look in one of the papers under the date.
|Place of Publication||County||Title||Dates||Notes|
|Annapolis||Anne Arundel||Annapolis Gazette||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Baltimore City||Baltimore City||Baltimore American & Commercial Advertiser||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Baltimore City||Baltimore City||Baltimore Weekly American||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Baltimore City||Baltimore City||South||4/22/1861-2/17/1862||Incomplete holdings|
|Baltimore City||Baltimore City||Sun||1861-1865|
|Denton||Caroline||American Union||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Elkton||Cecil||Cecil Whig||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Port Tobacco||Charles||Port Tobacco Times & Charles County Advertiser||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Cambridge||Dorchester||Cambridge Chronicle||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Middletown||Frederick||Valley Register||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Bel Air||Harford||Harford Democrat||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Bel Air||Harford||Southern Aegis & Harford Co. Intelligencer||1/19/1861-3/11/1864||Incomplete holdings|
|Rockville||Montgomery||Montgomery County Sentinel||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Marlboro||Prince George's||Marlboro Gazette||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Easton||Talbot||Easton Gazette||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
|Hagerstown||Washington||Hagerstown Mail||1861-1865||Incomplete holdings|
The railroads played an extremely important role in the Civil War for both sides—nothing could transport troops and supplies as fast. As the War progressed, troops were dispensed frequently to both destroy and protect sections of the tracks that were important to their needs. The Maryland Department houses several annual reports of the railroads that traversed the state of Maryland during the Civil War.
|Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company||1861-1865||MD HE2791.B2|
|Northern Central Railway Company||1861-1865||MD HE2791.N82|
|Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road Company||1861-1865||MD HE2791.P55|
|Western Maryland Railroad Company||1863-1865||MD HE2791.W52|
Maryland Department, Enoch Pratt Free Library. Civil War Clippings from Harper's Weekly, Leslie's Illustrated Newspapers, etc. 1861-1865. 3 vols. Special Collections F175.7.C5Q
Three scrapbooks were created by Maryland Department librarians from 1940-1942. Volume One chronicles the Civil War and Maryland for the year 1861, Volume Two contains happenings in Maryland during 1862, and Volume Three follows the War and its effects, both privately and politically, in Maryland from 1863-1865. The books largely consist of the original newspaper articles, though there are some typewritten copies of articles.
Volck, Adalbert John [V. Blada]. Sketches from the Civil War in North America, 1861, '62, '63. 1863. 23 plates. Special Collections E647.V6Q
Adalbert Volck, drawing under the name V. Blada, was a Confederate sympathizer. A dentist by trade, Volck used his artistic abilities to "speak out" for Southern sympathizers. Completed in three series using black ink, Volck's depictions of Lincoln and the North were particularly harsh. Although some of the sketches were imprinted with London as place of publishing, historians speculate that this was a guise to lead authorities away from learning the true identity of the artist.
A broadside is a single sheet with printing on only one side. Broadsides were used in Maryland in the mid-nineteenth century for political agitation, advertisements, poems, ballads, etc. Below is a list of broadsides printed in Maryland during the Civil War, which are kept in Pratt Library's Special Collections Department. Both Northern and Southern sympathizers were well represented in these broadsides.
|An Appeal to the South||January 24, 1862|
|Baltimore Boys' Own|||
|Camp Song of the Maryland Line||||R. M. Chambers|
|Down Trodden Maryland||March 4, 1862|
|Hurrah for Jeff. Davis|||
|Maryland in Chains||May 14, 1861||Richmond Examiner|
|Our Union Flag||Thomas G. Doyle|
|Rebels are Skedadling Out of My Maryland|
|True Union Ladies of Maryland|
|We'll Be Free in Our Maryland||January 30, 1862|
|Southern Prisoner Gives Thanks to the Baltimore Ladies||James Young|
For additional information about any of these resources or if you have questions, please contact:
Enoch Pratt Free Library/State Library Resource Center
400 Cathedral Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201